European Birds

Within European Birds I have included the area known as the Western Palearctic. This covers Europe including Russia east to the Ural Mountains and River, the Caucasus, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Kuwait and Jordan and, in north Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Libya and Egypt.

To access the photos, please click on the species below that you wish to see. Clicking on the thumbnail photos will generate a larger photo.
If you wish to scroll through the pages just press the appropriate button at the foot of each page.

In order to help regular readers, I have noted the date of posting or most recent update for each species.

In December 2014, I changed the taxonomic order for the Non-Passerines to that used by the HBW and Birdlife international Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World, Volume 1. I have also adopted both the English and scientific names used by that publication.


Partridges, Pheasants, Grouse
Rock Partridge (Alectoris graeca) January 2003
Chukar (Alectoris chukar) January 2003
Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa) April 2010
Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) July 2011
Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) December 2007
Red Grouse (Lagopus lagopus scotica) September 2005

Ducks, Geese, Swans
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) January 2003
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) June 2004
Brent Goose (Branta bernicla) March 2005
Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis) October 2006
Red-breasted Goose (Branta ruficollis) August 2001
Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) March 2001
Greylag Goose (Anser anser) March 2005
Pink-footed Goose (Anser brachyrhynchus) October 2006
Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) March 2002
Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) January 2003
Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) June 2006
Velvet Scoter (Melanitta fusca) March 2003
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) August 2001
Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) March 2005
Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica) March 2002
Smew (Mergellus albellus) September 2001
Goosander (Mergus merganser) October 2007
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) October 2007
Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) April 2001
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) May 2005
Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) January 2015
Marbled Teal (Marmaronetta angustirostris) August 2015
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina) February 2001
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina) March 2001
Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) December 2000
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) March 2005
Garganey (Spatula querquedula) March 2005
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata) November 2009
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope) September 2005
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchus) April 2001
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) November 2009
Common Teal (Anas crecca) April 2010

Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis) June 2002
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus) June 2002
Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus) April 2005

Greater Flamingo (Phoenictopterus roseus) November 2000

Common Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus) June 2002
European Turtle-dove (Streptopelia turtur) January 2015
Eurasian Collared-dove (Streptopelia decaocto) February 2008

Black-bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles orientalis) May 2014
Spotted Sandgrouse (Pterocles senegallus) May 2014
Crowned Sandgrouse (Pterocles coronatus) May 2014

Egyptian Nightjar (Caprimulgus aegyptius) March 2015

Alpine Swift (Tachymarptis melba) January 2003
Common Swift (Apus apus) August 2005

Great Spotted Cuckoo (Clamator glandarius) November 2000
Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) September 2005

Rails & Coots:
Corncrake (Crex crex) September 2005
Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) November 2000
Common Coot (Fulica atra) September 2002

Common Crane (Grus grus) August 2015

Divers or Loons:
Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata) June 2004
Common Loon (Gavia immer) August 2003

Petrels & Shearwaters:
Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) September 2005
Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) November 2003

White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) March 2002

Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) December 2000
Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita) July 2015

Eurasian Bittern (Botaurus stellaris) March 2005
Squacco Heron (Ardeola ralloides) December 2000
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) May 2015
Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) May 2015
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) September 2005

Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus) May 2005

European Shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) May 2006
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) July 2009

Eurasian Thick-knee (Burhinus oedicnemus) May 2015

Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) September 2005

Stilts and Avocets:
Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) April 2005
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) August 2015

Plovers and Lapwings:
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola) May 2006
Eurasian Golden Plover (Pluvialis apricaria) July 2004
Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) August 2012
Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius) May 2015
Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) May 2015
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) July 2006

Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) June 2004
Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata) September 2015
Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica) October 2006
Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa) June 2004
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) August 2005
Sanderling (Caladris alba) June 2004
Dunlin (Caladris alpina) October 2006
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) June 2004
Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) June 2004
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) August 2005
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) October 2011
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) July 2006
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) January 2004
Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) October 2011
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola) January 2015

Cream-coloured Courser (Cursorius cursor) June 2015

Gulls and Terns:
Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) December 2000
Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) September 2010
Mew Gull (Larus canus) September 2005
Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) October 2003
European Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) September 2005
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis) August 2015
Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides) September 2005
Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus) September 2005
Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) September 2005
Little Tern (Sternula albifrons) September 2011
Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) July 2004
Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea) January 2004
Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis) January 2004

Skuas and Jaegers:
Arctic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus) July 2004
Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus) December 2003
Great Skua (Catharacta skua) June 2006

Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica) September 2005
Black Guillemot (Cepphus grylle) September 2005
Razorbill (Alca torda) August 2005
Common Murre (Uria aalge) July 2006

Barn Owls:
Common Barn-owl (Tyto alba) April 2001

Little Owl (Athene noctua) May 2015
Northern Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) December 2000
Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) July 2003
Pharaoh Eagle-owl (Bubo ascalaphus) May 2015

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) December 2007

Kites, Hawks and Eagles:
Short-toed Snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus) July 2010
Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) August 2003
Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) August 2005
Bonelli's Eagle (Aquila fasciatus) January 2009
Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) August 2015
Western Marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus) March 2005
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipter nisus) October 2006
White-tailed Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) September 2005
Red Kite (Milvus milvus) June 2004
Eurasian Buzzard (Buteo buteo) August 2005
Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus) May 2015

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater (Merops persicus) August 2015
European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster) August 2015

European Roller (Coracias garrulus) May 2015

Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) January 2003

Eurasian Green Woodpecker (Picus viridis) July 2011
Mahgreb Green Woodpecker (Picus vaillantii) April 2016
Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) January 2003

Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) July 2015
Eleonora's Falcon (Falco eleonorae) January 2003
Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus) July 2015
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) October 2006
Barbary Falcon (Falco peregrinus pelegrinoides) July 2015

Black-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra senegalus) January 2015
Southern Grey Shrike (Lanius meridionalis) August 2015
Southern Grey Shrike (Lanius senator) August 2015
Greater Hoopoe-lark (Alaemon alaudipes) April 2015
Thick-billed Lark (Ramphocoris clotbey) June 2014
Bar-tailed Lark (Ammomanes cinctura) April 2015
Desert Lark (Ammomanes deserti) April 2015
Crested Lark (Galerida cristata) July 2015
Thekla Lark (Galerida theklae) July 2015
Sky Lark (Alauda arvensis) August 2005
Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris) July 2015
Temminck's Lark (Eremophila bilopha) July 2015
Common Bulbul (Pycnonotus barbatus) May 2014
Crag Martin (Ptyonoprogne rupestris) May 2014
Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) July 2016
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) September 2005
House Martin (Delichon urbica) July 2010
Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis) August 2005
Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis) August 2005
Rock Pipit (Anthus petrosus) August 2005
Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava) September 2015
Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) January 2014
Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba yarrellii) September 2015
Moroccan Wagtail (Motacilla alba subpersonata) September 2015
Dipper (Cinclus cinclus) September 2005
Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes) February 2015
St Kilda Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes hirtensis) January 2004
Shetland Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes zetlandicus) July 2004
Dunnock (Prunella modularis) May 2016
Robin (Erithacus rubecula) August 2010
Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) August 2015
Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros) October 2015
Moussier's Redstart (Phoenicurus moussieri) October 2015
Stonechat (Saxicola torquata) February 2008
Red-rumped Wheatear (Oenanthe moesta) September 2015
Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) September 2015
Black-eared Wheatear (Oenanthe hispanica) September 2015
Desert Wheatear (Oenanthe deserti) September 2015
Maghreb Wheatear (Oenanthe lugens halophila) September 2015
White-crowned Wheatear (Oenanthe leucopyga) September 2015
Black Wheatear (Oenanthe leucura) September 2015
Blue Rock Thrush (Monticola solitarius) September 2015
Ring Ouzel (Turdus torquatus) December 2000
Common Blackbird (Turdus merula) July 2006
Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) October 2011
Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos) October 2011
Redwing (Turdus iliacus) February 2004
Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus) February 2015
Rufous Scrub-robin (Cercotrichas galactotes) May 2015
Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis) March 2002
Streaked Scrub Warbler (Scotocerca inquieta) September 2014
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) June 2002
Sedge Warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus) August 2005
Eurasian Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) April 2015
Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla) June 2004
Lesser Whitethroat (Sylvia curruca) September 2009
Desert Warbler (Sylvia nana) January 2015
Whitethroat (Sylvia communis) June 2006
Tristram's Warbler (Sylvia deserticola) January 2015
Sardinian Warbler (Sylvia melanocephala) January 2017
Willow Warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) March 2016
Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) September 2003
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) March 2016
Fulvous Babbler (Turdoides fulva) February 2015
Goldcrest (Regulus regulus) April 2005
Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata) August 2002
European Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) July 2015
Long-tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus) July 2006
Crested Tit (Parus cristatus) August 2003
Coal Tit (Parus ater) March 2014
Marsh Tit (Parus palustris) December 2007
Blue Tit (Parus caeruleus) October 2015
Great Tit (Parus major) October 2015
Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea) October 2016
Rock Nuthatch (Sitta neumayer) November 2003
Treecreeper (Certhia familiaris) August 2012
Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla) January 2003
Magpie (Pica pica) March 2016
Red-billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax) June 2014
Yellow-billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax graculus) June 2014
Jackdaw (Corvus monedula) September 2005
Rook (Corvus frugilegus) November 2012
Carrion Crow (Corvus corone) April 2005
Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix) September 2005
Brown-necked Raven (Corvus ruficollis) June 2015
Raven (Corvus corax) January 2010
Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) January 2017
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) April 2005
Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis) August 2003
Desert Sparrow (Passer simplex) October 2015
Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) July 2015
Serin (Serinus serinus) September 2014
Greenfinch (Carduelis chloris) July 2010
Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) May 2015
Lesser Redpoll (Carduelis cabaret) September 2005
Siskin (Carduelis spinus) July 2012
Linnet (Carduelis cannabina) July 2010
Twite (Carduelis flavirostris) June 2004
Crimson-winged Finch (Rhodopechys sanguineus) July 2014
Trumpeter Finch (Bucanetes githagineus) May 2015
Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) May 2006
Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella) June 2002
Cirl Bunting (Emberiza cirlus) July 2015
Reed Bunting (Emberiza schoeniclus) September 2005

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