Red-necked Woodpecker (Campephilus rubricollis)
Male Red-necked Woodpecker, Guajará-Mirim, Rondônia, Brazil, March 2003 - click for larger image Brazil

The Red-necked Woodpecker is distributed in the Amazonian Basin generally below 600m but higher in southern Venezuela and central Bolivia.

It is found in rain forest, cloud forest and semi-open woodland where it feeds on beetle and moth larvae mainly in the middle and upper levels of trunks and limbs of trees.

It has a crimson neck and head with a pointed crest and its underparts are rufous chestnut. The bill is ivory and the eye is yellow. The male has a small black and white spot on the lower ear coverts. These are missing in the female which has a broad wedge from the bill to below the eyes white bordered with a thin black line. The first photo shows two males together. The 3rd photo shows a female.

Male Red-necked Woodpecker, Borba, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image It is distinguished from other large woodpeckers by its uniform back and its rufous chestnut underparts and underwings.

The subspecies shown in the first photo taken at Guajará-Mirim, Rondônia is C. r. trachelopyrus while photos 2 and 3 are of the sub-species C. r. olallae taken near Borba. These subspecies have rufous chestnut on the upper wings. The 4th photo, taken at São Gabriel da Cachoeira, is of the nominate sub-species and does not show this feature.

Female Red-necked Woodpecker, Borba, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image There are illustrations in HBW, Volume 7, Pages 325, 393, 409 and 530; and Hilty & Brown, Plate 22.

Male Red-necked Woodpecker, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image
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