White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps)
Chilean name: Fío-fío
White-crested Elaenia, Puyehue NP, Chile, November 2005 - click for larger image Chile
November / December 2005

What a pleasure it is to have an elaenia that is easily identifiable. Not only is it the only elaenia in Chile but it has a crest and a white crown patch that is almost always visible. Add to that two whitish wing-bars and a distinctive "fio-fio" call and you can't go wrong.

White-crested Elaenia, La Campana NP, Chile, November 2005 - click for larger image In fact, it's more complicated than that. There are several sub-species that breed from southern Colombia through Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia and into Argentina. Some are dingier with less well marked wing-bars and the incessant and obvious calls are only given in the breeding season. Jaramillo suggests that the sub-species found in most of Chile E. a. chilensis might be a separate species.

There are some recordings on the xeno-canto site.

In the austral winter it migrates to a wide area up to and just beyond the Amazon.

White-crested Elaenia, Torres del Paine NP, Chile, December 2005 - click for larger image There is a very comprehensive article on the Neotropical Birds website. (Schulenberg, Thomas S. 2009.White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology)
White-crested Elaenia, Vichuqu&eacutee;n, Chile, January 2007 - click for larger image
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