Tail-banded Hornero Furnarius figulus
(aka Wing-banded Hornero, Band-tailed Hornero)


Brazilian name: casaca-de-couro-da-lama
Tail-banded Hornero, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil, March 2004 - click for larger image

Brazil

This is a Brazilian endemic of which there are two populations. The first is in eastern Brazil from Maranhão to south Bahia and extending into Espírito Santo as can be seen from the second and third photos taken at Linhares. The disjunct population is of the sub-species F. f. pileatus in east Amazonas, central Pará and the upper Rio Araguaia.

Tail-banded Hornero, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brazil, March 2004 - click for larger image It is found in open and semi-open areas including parks and gardens which may explain its southern expansion.

It can usually be distinguished from the very similar Pale-legged Hornero F. leucopus by its dull greyish legs, its generally duller colouring including a less contrasting white throat and, sometimes, by the black tips to the tail feathers.

Tail-banded Hornero, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brazil, March 2004 - click for larger image It feeds on invertebrates for which it forages on the ground. It is usually seen singly or in pairs and differs from other members of the Furnarius genus in not building an oven nest. Rather it builds a shallow cup nest in the base of a palm, a bromeliad or in a hole in a building.
Tail-banded Hornero, Serra de Baturité, Ceará, Brazil, October 2008 - click for larger image There are recordings and a distribution map on xeno-canto while more information is available through Avibase.
Tail-banded Hornero, Serra de Baturité, Ceará, Brazil, October 2008 - click for larger image
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