Horned Sungem Heliactin bilophus
(aka Heliactin cornuta)

Brazilian name: chifre-de-ouro
Male Horned Sungem, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil, July 2002 - click for larger image Bahia, Brazil

The Horned Sungem is found in central and eastern Brazil and adjoining Bolivia with a disjunct population in south Suriname and north Brazil.

It inhabits woodland, cerrado, grasslands and gallery forest where it feeds on the nectar of flowering bushes and trees as well as small insects.

Female Horned Sungem, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil, July 2002 - click for larger image The male has spectacular crown tufts showing red, blue and gold, either side of its iridescent dark blue crown. Upperparts are bronzy-green, the throat and upper breast are black while the belly and sides of the neck are white. The tail is long and pointed and shows a dark V on white when seen in flight from below.

The female is similar but without the spectacular crown pattern or the black throat.

Female Horned Sungem, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil, July 2002 - click for larger image There is an illustration in HBW, Volume 5, Page 662.

There are recordings and a distribution map (which doesn't quite reach Camaçari where photos 4 to 7 were taken) on xeno-canto. And there is additional information on Avibase.
Male Horned Sungem, Camaçari, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
Male Horned Sungem, Camaçari, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
Male Horned Sungem, Camaçari, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
Male Horned Sungem, Camaçari, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
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