Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis

Brazilian name: 
 Pixoxó
Female Buffy-fronted Seedeater, Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2008 - click for a larger image Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
November 2008

The Buffy-fronted Seedeater is distributed in south-east Brazil from Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul and into north-east Argentina. It is classified as Vulnerable by Birdlife International.
Buffy-fronted Seedeater, Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2008 - click for a larger image Much like Temminck's Seedeater S. falcirostris it seems to be highly dependant on the sporadic and irregular flowerings of bamboo.

Plumage varies with both sex and age but all birds have two buffy wing-bars. Adult males have a pale forecrown and a short whitish streak behind the eye. The head tends to be greyish and the bill yellow. I think that photo 2 shows an adult male though the forehead and bill are not fully visible.
Female Buffy-fronted Seedeater, Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2008 - click for a larger image Photo 1 is, I think, a female, while photo 3 is probably an immature male.

There are recordings on xeno-canto, a distribution map from NatureServe and additional information available via Avibase. There is a page on Wikiaves in Portuguese.
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