Spot-backed Puffbird Nystalus maculatus
(aka Spot-bellied Puffbird)

Brazilian name: Rapazinho-dos-velhos
Spot-backed Puffbird, Januária, Minas Gerais, Brazil, February 2002 - click for larger image Brazil

The Spot-backed Puffbird is found from north east Brazil through to Paraguay, northern Argentina and Bolivia.

It prefers low dry forest and caatinga where they hunt insects such as beetles.

Spot-backed Puffbird, Januária, Minas Gerais, Brazil, February 2002 - click for larger image It is similar in size to the White-eared Puffbird (Nystalus chacuru) and it also has a red bill but has no white on the sides of the head. The lower throat and collar is a yellowish brown while the breast and belly are white with black spots.

The nest is a hole excavated in a bank or even on flat ground.

Spot-backed Puffbird, Jaborandi, Bahia, Brazil, February 2002 - click for larger image There are recordings on xeno-canto, a distribution map from NatureServe and additional information available via Avibase.
Spot-backed Puffbird, Fazenda Michelin, Itubera, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
Spot-backed Puffbird, Fazenda Michelin, Itubera, Bahia, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
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