|Saffron-cowled Blackbird (Xanthopsar flavus)
The Saffron-cowled Blackbird is distributed in south Brazil, eastern Paraguay, north-eastern Argentina and Uruguay. It is classified as Vulnerable by Birdlife International because of its rapidly declining population.
Although it feeds on agricultural land as well as marshland and natural grassland, it requires marshland with specific plants for breeding and marshland is fast disappearing due to agricultural pressures.
|Further threats are trapping for the caged-bird trade - it is a very attractive bird - and brood parasitism by the Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis.
The male is black with a yellow head, rump and underparts. The female is similar but has browny-grey replacing the black.
There were about 6 Saffron-cowled Blackbirds in this flock which also contained Brown-and-yellow Marshbird Pseudoleistes virescens. It also associates with other icterines such as meadowlarks and Chopi Blackbirds.
There is an excellent page on this species at Birdlife International.