The Orange-headed Tanager is distributed from south-east Colombia below the Andean foothills to north-west Argentina and across much of Brazil south of the Amazon river. There is a disjunct population along the lower Orinoco.
|It is found in successional vegetation along rivers, in light woodland and cerrado. It is often seen in mixed flocks of insect-eaters.
It is a bright rufous-orange on the head with the rest of the upperparts grey and underparts buffy to whitish.