Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
(aka Speotyto cunicularia)

Brazilian name: Coruja-buraqueira
Burrowing Owl, Emas N.P., Goiás, Brazil, April 2001 - click for larger image Brazil & Peru

The Burrowing Owl is an owl of dry, open habitats such as cerrado and savannah while it is often found in cities, golf courses and other similar areas. It nests in the ground usually in a burrow excavated by another animal such as a skunk or armadillo.

It is normally classified as diurnal and, as the photos shows, they can be very obvious during the day. However, we found them to be actively hunting at least 2 hours after sunset in Emas.

Burrowing Owl, Jaborandi, Bahia, Brazil, February 2002 - click for larger image Apart from its terrestrial habits, it is easily recognised by its long legs, short tail, yellow eyes, white eyebrows and forehead.

Burrowing Owls are found in the Americas from Canada to Tierra del Fuego. See the distribution map at Birdlife International. There are about nineteen subspecies the one in photos 1 to 4 being Speotyto cunicularia grallaria

Burrowing Owl, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, August 2004 - click for larger image
Burrowing Owl, Aguas de São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil, November 2008 - click for larger image
Burrowing Owl, Tinajones Reservoir, Lambayeque, Peru, Ocyober 2018 - click for larger image
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