The Black-tailed Tityra is distributed through the Orinoco and Amazon Basins and into eastern and central Brazil and Paraguay. It is found in the canopy and borders of humid forest and secondary woodland.
The area around the eyes and most of the bill is red though the bill has a black tip. The crown and sides of the head are black as is the tail.
They feed mainly on fruit and nest in holes in trees often using old woodpecker holes.